Importance of Nutrition in Autoimmune disorders
Your body’s immune response is a wonderful defence mechanism when everything goes well, guarding you from outside invaders, damage, and illness through a complicated communication system between your cells and the chemical signals they create. This communication is clear and specific in a healthy immune system; the body can recognise the difference between a stranger and itself. The immune response is faulty in autoimmune disease, and the communication mechanism breaks down. The immune system of the body targets its own tissues. Either the immune system can’t tell the difference between body tissues and foreign cells and attacks itself, or it can’t control the degree of the immune reaction. Regardless, the effect is tissue damage and the onset of an autoimmune disease.
Autoimmunity is the second leading cause of chronic illness. Women account for about 75% of these occurrences, with the majority of them occurring during reproductive years.
Analgesics and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications, corticosteroids are common therapy agents that might produce nausea and vomiting, stomach pains, mouth sores, and a loss of appetite. In addition, several autoimmune illnesses can cause changes in energy and protein metabolism, resulting in muscle loss and wasting.
Controlling pain and inflammation, reducing disease progression, and bolstering the immune system are all common goals in the dietary therapy of autoimmune illnesses.
Let in the Sunshine Vitamin, Vitamin D
Perhaps the most intriguing area of nutrition research involves vitamin D. For decades, researchers have noticed a relationship between sunlight exposure, vitamin D intake and autoimmune disease risk. Some studies have found that people with autoimmune diseases such as multiple sclerosis are more likely to have lower levels of vitamin D than other people. Many autoimmune diseases are more common if you live further from the equator. This is true for both multiple sclerosis and type 1 diabetes and also for lupus.
Omega-3 Fatty Acids Have a Lot of Power
According to a 2002 analysis published in the Journal of the American College of Nutrition, omega-3 fatty acids, particularly those from fish oil—EPA and DHA—have powerful immunomodulatory properties. Because of their anti-inflammatory characteristics, they’ve been researched in disorders such arthritis, Crohn’s disease, lupus erythematosus, multiple sclerosis, and rheumatoid arthritis, with promising results.
Consumption of Anti-Inflammatory Foods
An anti-inflammatory, antioxidant eating plan aiming at reducing inflammation and oxidative stress while also fostering a healthy immunological balance is one method that has shown a lot of promise. We already know that inflammation is linked to autoimmune illness, but don’t overlook the importance of oxidative stress. An increase in the formation of free radicals occurs during an immunological response, which can lead to oxidative stress—a condition characterised by a disruption in the normal equilibrium between pro-oxidants and antioxidants that causes cellular damage. In reality, free radical damage is connected to much of the damage in autoimmune illness. In autoimmune disease, studies have shown that oxidative stress and low antioxidant activity occur. Vitamin E, an antioxidant, is in short supply.
Diets high in refined carbohydrates, sugar, saturated fats, and trans fats, but deficient in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and omega-3 fatty acids, appear to activate the inflammatory response, according to researchers. It is negated by a diet rich in whole foods, including healthy carbohydrates, lipids, and protein sources.
There’s benefit in promoting a diet that’s high in whole plant foods like fruits, vegetables, whole grains, legumes, nuts, and seeds; high in healthy fat sources like extra-virgin olive oil, avocado, nuts, and fish; and moderately includes foods like tea, dark chocolate, spices and herbs.