Vitamin D Supplementation in Pregnancy- An overview
One of the major sources of vitamin D is Sunlight and it is used by the body to
absorb calcium for healthy bones and teeth. Vitamin D is a fat-soluble vitamin and a
key modulator of calcium. Apart from sunlight, vitamin D is also found in oily fish,
eggs, and fortified products. The role of vitamin D in pregnancy is crucial for bone
metabolism. The latest evidence suggests that people who fall under the high-risk
group like vegetarians and women with limited sunlight exposure are more likely to
be affected by Vitamin D deficiency. In addition, infant's vitamin D level is largely
dependent on the maternal Vitamin D status.
Effects of vitamin D deficiency in pregnancy
Vitamin D is one of the most important supplements in pregnancy as its deficiency in
pregnant women can create pregnancy complications like pre-eclampsia, diabetes,
preterm birth, and small babies. Even after birth, babies born with vitamin D
deficiency suffer from bone growth, or even rickets in severe cases.
During pregnancy, Vitamin D deficiency also results in disordered skeletal
homeostasis, congenital rickets, and even fractures in infants.
What are the normal Vitamin D levels in pregnancy according to different
As per Institute of Medicine recommendations, 20ng/ml in pregnancy is normal,
whereas the Endocrine Society recommends 30ng/ml. Most experts agree that 1000-
2000 international units daily are safe during pregnancy.
According to the Food and Nutrition Board at the Institute of Medicine of the National
Academies, the intake of 600 international units per day is sufficient during
Vitamin D Supplementation in Pregnancy:
The information on optimum vitamin D levels can be very overwhelming for most
people, but we cannot ignore the importance of Vitamin D supplements needed
during pregnancy. It’s often recommended that you must seek medical advice and
nutritionist advice to make sure your vitamin D levels are optimum. Kanupriya
Khanna, a well-renowned name in pre and post-natal health and is one of the best
dietitians in Delhi with over 17 years of experience can help you with your pre and
post-natal nutrition needs.